Self-reported Halitosis and Emotional State: Impact on Oral Conditions and Treatments

Salvatore Settineri; Carmela Mento; Simona C Gugliotta; Ambra Saitta; Antonella Terranova; Giuseppe Trimarchi; Domenico Mallamace
Posted: 05/31/2010; Health and Quality of Life Outcomes. 2010;8:34 © 2010 Settineri et al.; licensee BioMed Central, Ltd.


Background: Halitosis represents a common dental condition, although sufferers are often not conscious of it. The aim of this study was to examine behavior in a sample of Italian subjects with reference to self-reported halitosis and emotional state, and specifically the presence of dental anxiety.
Methods: The study was performed on Italian subjects (N = 1052; range 15–65 years). A self-report questionnaire was used to detect self-reported halitosis and other variables possibly linked to it (sociodemographic data, medical and dental history, oral hygiene, and others), and a dental anxiety scale (DAS) divided into two subscales that explore a patient's dental anxiety and dental anxiety concerning dentist-patient relations. Associations between self-reported halitosis and the abovementioned variables were examined using multiple logistic regression analysis. Correlations between the two groups, with self-perceived halitosis and without, were also investigated with dental anxiety and with the importance attributed to one's own mouth and that of others.
Results: The rate of self-reported halitosis was 19.39%. The factors linked with halitosis were: anxiety regarding dentist patient relations (relational dental anxiety) (OR = 1.04, CI = 1.01–1.07), alcohol consumption (OR = 0.47, CI = 0.34–0.66), gum diseases (OR = 0.39, CI = 0.27–0.55), age > 30 years (OR = 1.01, CI = 1.00–1.02), female gender (OR = 0.71, CI = 0.51–0.98), poor oral hygiene (OR = 0.65, CI = 0.43–0.98), general anxiety (OR = 0.66, CI = 0.49–0.90), and urinary system pathologies (OR = 0.46, CI = 0.30–0.70). Other findings emerged concerning average differences between subjects with or without self-perceived halitosis, dental anxiety and the importance attributed to one's own mouth and that of others.
Conclusions: Halitosis requires professional care not only by dentists, but also psychological support as it is a problem that leads to avoidance behaviors and thereby limits relationships. It is also linked to poor self care. In the study population, poor oral health related to self-reported halitosis was associated with dental anxiety factors.


Bad Breath The destroyer Of Life

Every one of us at one occasion or another has had dreadful breath or halitosis. This is an embarrassing circumstance that we would all like to get free of. There are various causes of Bad Breath. Oral microorganisms are the most widespread cause of halitosis. We have more than six hundred billion germs in our mouths at any given occasion. The best technique to remedy halitosis from this source is to brush two times each day for two minutes every occasion, and scrape your tongue. This information is for occasional bad breath only.
Some people unfortunately suffer from chronic or persistent Bad Breath or Halitosis this is a very serious affliction as if you leave it unchecked it can all but ruin your life for advice on chronic bad breath go to the site Oraltech Labs as they specialise in home treatment of serious bad breath or halitosis. The big problem with chronic bad breath is you can’t smell it yourself and it’s a taboo that people only talk about behind your back. It will ruin your job, your social life, home life and sadly your own life so stop it now.

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