Wednesday, April 30, 2014

Early loading of 6-mm-short implants with a moderately rough surface supporting single crowns – a prospective 5-year cohort study

Rossi F, Lang NP, Ricci E, Ferraioli L, Marchetti C, Botticelli D. Early loading of 6-mm-short implants with a moderately rough surface supporting single crowns – a prospective 5-year cohort study. Clin. Oral Impl. Res. 00, 2014, 17 doi: 10.1111/clr.12409




To evaluate prospectively the clinical and radiographic outcomes after 5 years of early loading of 6-mm implants with a moderately rough (SLActive®) surface supporting single crowns in the posterior regions.

Material and methods

Thirty-five consecutive patients received 40 SLActive® (Straumann) 6-mm implants with a diameter of 4.1 mm (n = 19) or 4.8 mm (n = 21). Insertion torque and resonance frequency analysis (RFA) were measured at implant installation. RFA was also measured at abutment connection. SynOcta abutments were tightened with 35 Ncm after 6 weeks of healing, and single porcelain fuse to metal crowns was cemented within 1 week. Implant survival rate and marginal bone loss were evaluated at various time intervals until 5 years after loading. The clinical crown/implant ratio was calculated as well.


Two of 40 implants were lost before loading (incorporation rate 95%), and no further implant loss or technical complications were encountered during the 5-year follow-up period. A mean marginal bone loss of 0.7 ± 0.6 mm was found after 5 years of function. The clinical crown/implant ratio increased with time from 1.6 at the delivery of the prosthesis to 2 after 5 years of loading.


Six millimeter implants with a SLActive® moderately rough surface supporting single crowns in the posterior region and loaded after 6–7 weeks maintained full function for at least 5 year with low marginal bone resorption.

Tuesday, April 29, 2014

Role of Probiotics on Oral Health - A Randomized, Double Blind, Placebo-Controlled Microbiological Study

Shivani Dhawan and Rajan Dhawan (2013), "Role of Probiotics on Oral Health - A Randomized, Double Blind, Placebo-Controlled Microbiological Study," Journal of Research and Practice in Dentistry, Vol. 2013 (2013), Article ID 736993, DOI: 10.5171/2013.736993

The aim of this study was to investigate commercially available combined probiotic formulation for its effect on plaque, gingivitis and salivary Streptococcus mutans levels in subjects with chronic gingivitis. A total of 36 subjects were finally enrolled in a double blind placebo controlled randomized trial. Selected subjects were randomly divided in two groups; Group A (Control group) with 17 subjects, receiving placebo tablets twice daily and Group B (Probiotic group) with 19 subjects receiving probiotic tablets twice daily. The study consisted of two 2 weeks periods, a two week intervention period (T1-T2) and a two week post treatment period (T2-T3). Clinical parameters and bacterial counts of salivary Streptococcus mutans, were evaluated at the baseline (T1), at the completion (T2) of medication and 2 weeks after medication (T3). On comparative evaluation between the two groups, results indicated that Group-B (Probiotic group) exhibited statistically significant reduction in Plaque Index, Gingival index and Streptococcus mutans level than Group-A (Control group) over the entire span of the study. Our results indicated that probiotic could be useful in the improvement/ maintainance of oral health.

Monday, April 28, 2014

3M™ True Definition Scanner and Straumann® CARES® Provide Easy-to-Use, All-Digital Process for Implant- and Tooth-Borne Restorations

New Trusted Connection lets dentists access Straumann solutions easily

ST. PAUL, Minn. – (April 23, 2014) – 3M is pleased to announce a Trusted Connection to dental labs with the Straumann® CARES® System[1] for the 3M™ True Definition Scanner. With this new connection, dentists can restore Straumann implants with original CARES® prosthetic solutions from a single intra-oral scan. This new digital restoration process is the latest addition to a growing network of Trusted Connections available to dentists with the 3M True Definition Scanner.
“This new connection gives dentists a simple but powerful tool to initiate a highly sophisticated workflow,” said David Frazee, vice president and general manager, 3M Digital Oral Care. “The final results are not only accurate and effective, but convey an impressive image to patients that lets them know their dentist is on the cutting edge.”
Using the new workflow, a dentist with the 3M True Definition Scanner simply captures a digital impression with the Straumann® CARES® Mono Scanbody. Within the scanner’s prescription screen, the dentist then selects the Straumann implant platform and the desired tooth-borne restoration or abutment. The digital impression and prescription are then sent to a dental lab using the Straumann® CARES® system.

The dental lab can then design and order original prosthetics for implant-borne or tooth-borne restorations. For implant cases, Straumann® CARES® X-Stream™ provides a seamless process for designing and ordering the abutment and the final restoration in a single design. High precision resin working models with a socket for the Straumann® Repositionable Implant Analog can be ordered directly from Innovation MediTech (a DREVE company). The dental lab then receives the restoration, abutment and model for finishing, and the dentist receives the completed case in a single shipment from the dental lab.
“The Trusted Connection is a great example of how we have teamed up with leading providers of intraoral scanning technology to offer more options, simpler solutions, greater precision and higher productivity to dental professionals,” said Frank Hemm, executive vice president – customer solutions & education, Straumann. “Together with 3M ESPE, Dental Wings and Innovation MediTech, we offer a completely digital workflow – from digital impression to finished CAM prosthetic – with what we believe is an unparalleled level of choice, flexibility and precision.”
This new Trusted Connection is available to dentists who subscribe to the Advanced Data Plan offered with the 3M True Definition Scanner in North America. The Advanced Data Plan is a subscription to the 3M Connection Center, allowing dentists to send and store cases for a variety of indications including digital implant workflows and clear aligner treatment from Invisalign.  All of the affordable, subscription-based data plan packages for dentists or labs include unlimited software upgrades and updates, so users always have the latest software without unexpected fees. 
The Trusted Connection will be available in the U.S., Belgium, Canada, Spain, Portugal, and in the Netherlands in Summer 2014, with further European countries to follow in Fall 2014.
For more information on this digital workflow and the state-of-the-art 3M True Definition Scanner, please visit
3M ESPE is a dental product manufacturer that markets more than 2,000 dental products and services. 3M ESPE dental products are designed to help dental professionals improve their patients' oral health care. The 3M Digital Oral Care Department, part of the 3M ESPE Division, aims to accelerate and strengthen 3M’s efforts to lead the digital transformation that is occurring in oral care. 3M Health Care, one of 3M’s five Business Groups, provides world-class innovative products and services to help health care professionals improve the practice and delivery of patient care in medical, oral care, drug delivery and health information markets. For more information on the complete 3M ESPE line of dental products, visit the 3M ESPE website at or call the 3M ESPE Technical Hotline at 1-800-634-2249. Products are available for purchase through authorized 3M ESPE distributors.

3M and ESPE are trademarks of 3M or 3M Deutschland GmbH.  Used under license in Canada. © 3M 2014.  All rights reserved. 

Straumann® and/or other trademarks and logos from Straumann® that are mentioned herein are the trademarks or registered trademarks of Straumann Holding AG and/or its affiliates.

About 3M
3M captures the spark of new ideas and transforms them into thousands of ingenious products. Our culture of creative collaboration inspires a never-ending stream of powerful technologies that make life better. 3M is the innovation company that never stops inventing. With $31 billion in sales, 3M employs 89,000 people worldwide and has operations in more than 70 countries. For more information, visit or follow @3MNews on Twitter.

About Dreve/Innovation MediTech GmbH 
Dreve is a medical device manufacturer with core markets in the dental and hearing-aid industries and supplying customers in more than 100 countries. The family-owned company was founded in 1949 and is located in Unna, Germany with affiliates in Singapore, the US and Russia. Being a pioneer and leader in the implementation of rapid manufacturing technologies in its core markets for more than 10 years, the company supplies CADCAM materials and production technologies, in addition to offering manufacturing services for custom medical devices. 

About Straumann 
Headquartered in Basel, Switzerland, Straumann (SIX: STMN) is a global leader in implant, restorative and regenerative dentistry. In collaboration with leading clinics, research institutes and universities, Straumann researches, develops and manufactures dental implants, instruments, prosthetics and tissue regeneration products for use in tooth replacement and restoration solutions or to prevent tooth loss. Straumann currently employs approximately 2500 people worldwide and its products and services are available in more than 70 countries through its broad network of distribution subsidiaries and partners.

Friday, April 25, 2014

The Dental Geek Blog Gets Complete Upgrade and Redesign

Re-launched website now features video content, monthly giveaways and
real-time reporting.

West Long Branch, NJ (April 22, 2014) – Lanmark360, a full-service healthcare marketing agency that’s been closely ingrained within the dental industry for almost 40 years, recently overhauled one of their blogs, The Dental Geek, to include a brand new design, user-friendly navigation and all-new features.

Originally launched in 2010, The Dental Geek serves as a platform for discussions about the latest dental industry trends, news and events. What’s unique about The Dental Geek is that the blog invites anyone with a passion for dentistry to share their opinions and submit guest posts. Article submissions are welcome from any and all team members including dentists, dental assistants, dental marketers, dental hygienists, dental office managers and more.

The Dental Geek soft-launched the newly designed site to align with the 149th Chicago Midwinter Meeting. During the popular industry tradeshow, The Dental Geek crew reported in real-time from the exhibit floor interviewing key opinion leaders and show attendees and highlighting new products on display. Right from Chicago, The Dental Geek featured highlights from the 24Th Annual Oral Health America Gala as well as recap videos from day one and day two of the show.

The Dental Geek’s new features include everything from exclusive video interviews to monthly Geeky Giveaways and a Student Perspective Series in partnership with the American Student Dental Association.

Lanmark360’s Chief Strategy Officer, Managing Partner and “Chief Dental Geek” Michael McCarthy was the vision behind the blog. “I came to work every day and saw dental geeks in all of us. At the time, we were working on marketing the latest in dental technology, innovations in oral cancer screening and new research about the oral-systemic link. It never felt like work though. It became our passion,” explains McCarthy. “I thought, we need a creative outlet to express our inner ‘dental-geekiness’. Therein lies the birth of The Dental Geek blog!”

“I’m proud to see how far this blog has come and never imagined it’d get the level of site traffic it does each day. It was only a matter of time until we knew we had to step it up a notch and present a revamped site that’s better than ever,” says McCarthy.

With more exclusive interviews, unique articles and live videos on the horizon, The Dental Geek team of editors continues to channel their inner geeks each day. For more information about the blog or to become a Guest Geek author, please visit or send an email to

About The Dental Geek
The Dental Geek is the creation of Michael McCarthy, managing partner and chief strategy officer for Lanmark360. The Dental Geek features contributed posts from Lanmark360’s internal Dental Geek Team and welcomes outside participation from key opinion leaders (KOLs) as well as other dental professionals including general practice dentists, specialists, dental and hygiene students, dental assistants, office managers, dental lab owners and certified dental technicians. Visit The Dental Geek at, and connect with us on Facebook and Twitter.


Thursday, April 24, 2014

Adjunctive application of chlorhexidine and ethanol-wet bonding on durability of bonds to sound and caries-affected dentine

Available online 13 April 2014




To examine the effect of adjunctive application of chlorhexidine (CHX) and ethanol-wet bonding (EWB) on bond durability and nanoleakage of hydrophobic adhesive to sound (SD) and caries-affected dentine (CAD).


Dentine surfaces of molars were etched after caries removal and randomly allocated to four groups (n = 12). In Groups 1 and 2, dentine surfaces were saturated with either 2 ml of 100% ethanol or 2 ml of ethanol with 2% CHX for 60 s. In Groups 3 and 4, dentine surfaces were saturated with either 15 μL of distilled water or 15 μL of distilled water with 2% CHX for 60 s. Two coats of primer, followed by neat resin were applied and light-cured for 40 s. Resin composite build-ups were placed and bonded specimens were sectioned for bond strength testing after 24 h and 12 months’ storage in artificial saliva. Bond strength data were analyzed using 3-way ANOVA and SNK tests. Interfacial nanoleakage was evaluated after 24 h and 12 months using a field-emission scanning electron microscopy and data were analyzed using Kruskal–Wallis test.


Significant differences were observed for the three factors: “substrate” (p < 0.001), “rewetting agents” (p < 0.001) and “time” (p < 0.001) on bond strength. Incorporation of 2% CHX to EWB preserved bond strength to SD and CAD and reduced interfacial nanoleakage after 12 months. Incorporation of 2% CHX to WWB also preserved bond strength to SD after ageing.


Incorporation of chlorhexidine to ethanol-wet bonding has an interaction effect on preservation of bond durability to sound and caries-affected dentine.

Clinical significance

Incorporation of chlorhexidine to ethanol-wet bonding with hydrophobic adhesive enhances the success rate of aesthetic bonded restorations.

Wednesday, April 23, 2014

American Academy of Periodontology Launches National Campaign, “Love the Gums You’re With”


Educational campaign urges Americans take action against highly prevalent, yet seriously overlooked periodontal disease.

Chicago, IL – April 22, 2014 — In light of the recent prevalence data that finds almost half of American adults age 30 and older are suffering from periodontal disease, the American Academy of Periodontology (AAP) is launching a national consumer awareness campaign devoted to educating the public on the importance of prevention and early diagnosis of periodontal disease.

The campaign, “Love The Gums You’re With,” is aimed at teaching Americans to take better care of their gums by implementing simple steps into their routine, such as brushing twice a day, flossing daily, and receiving an annual comprehensive periodontal evaluation from their general dental professional or periodontist.

To gain national awareness and to help consumers better understand periodontal disease, the AAP is teaming up with Chris Harrison, host of ABC’s “The Bachelor,” to launch these efforts. In Harrison’s role as Bachelor host, he has become a love guru of sorts, having garnered the experience to know what goes into making a successful long-term relationship.  Harrison will help patients understand how to ensure a life-long relationship with healthy gums.

“On behalf of the AAP, we’re extremely excited to have the opportunity to educate the public about the high prevalence of periodontal disease,” shares Stuart J. Froum, DDS, president of the American Academy of Periodontology, clinical professor, and director of clinical research at New York University’s Department of Periodontics and Implant Dentistry. “We’re hopeful that increased awareness about this common disease and its link to other chronic diseases, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, rheumatoid arthritis, Alzheimer’s disease and even cancer, will drive more patients to visit their dental practitioner and focus on preventive care and early treatment, if necessary.”

Over the course of the campaign, patients may visit their dentist or a periodontal specialist for additional information about periodontal disease prevention and treatment. You may contact your referral periodontist or visit for more information.  

About the American Academy of Periodontology:
The American Academy of Periodontology (AAP) is the professional organization for periodontists – specialists in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases affecting the gums and supporting structures of the teeth, and in the placement of dental implants. Periodontists are also dentistry’s experts in the treatment of oral inflammation. They receive three additional years of specialized training following dental school, and periodontics is one of the nine dental specialties recognized by the American Dental Association. The AAP has 8,300 members worldwide. For more information visit

Tuesday, April 22, 2014

Comparative Evaluation of the Effects of Ozone, Diode Laser, and Traditional Cavity Disinfectants on Microleakage

ifa Güne, Emrullah Bahsi, Bayram nce, Hakan Çolak, Mehmet Dalli, zzet Yavuz, Cafer Sahbaz & Suzan Cangül (2014) Comparative Evaluation of the Effects of Ozone, Diode Laser, and Traditional Cavity Disinfectants on Microleakage, Ozone: Science & Engineering: The Journal of the International Ozone Association, 36:2, 206-211, DOI: 10.1080/01919512.2013.842888

Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the effects on microleakage of the application of ozone gas, laser and tra- ditional cavity disinfection under in vitro conditions. 

Material and Methods: Ninety third-molar teeth extracted for various reasons were used in this study. All the teeth were prepared with a standard V cavity on the buccal sur- face. Then the teeth were randomly allocated to one of 6 groups of 15 teeth; Group 1 benzalkonium chloride, Group 2 chlorhexidine gluconate, Group 3 sodium hypochloride, Group 4 diode laser, Group 5 ozone gas, Group 6 control group- no disinfection was applied. Primer was applied to the cavities, then bond and 10-s polymerization. Clearfil AP-X was used in the cavities as a hybrid composite and poly- merized for 20 s. The samples then underwent 1000 thermal cycles of 30-s application, in baths at temperatures between 5 ± 2 C and 55 ± 2 C. All the samples were stirred in 0.5% basic phuxine solution and the sections taken under stereomicroscope were examined and photographed at 15 × magnification. SEM analysis was made and the obtained results were statistically evaluated with the Kruskal–Wallis test. 

Results: No significant difference was seen between the groups in respect of the microleakage values of both the occlusal and gingival edges (p > 0.05). Comparison of the microleakage values of the occlusal and gingival edges of the groups determined the least leakage to be in the ozone group (p > 0.05). 

Conclusion: No statistical significance was determined between the groups. However, the mean least microleakage was found in the ozone group and the highest amount in the control group.

Monday, April 21, 2014

Core3dcentres® CoreTM Custom Abutments Now Available Via Scans from the iTero® Intraoral Scanner

Las Vegas, NV – April 15, 2014 – Core3dcentres is pleased to announce that Core3dcentres fully contoured and colored Core Custom Implant Abutments (screw or cement-retained) are available based upon scans from Align Technology’s iTero® Intraoral Scanner. This workflow further enhances Core3dcentres integrated “Practice-to-Lab” Digital Implant SolutionsTM for customized implant prosthetics, supported by continuing education, extensive technical assistance, and validated work flows.
Core3dcentres offers one of the most comprehensive suites of digital implant solutions today, allowing dental laboratories of any size to fully service every indication in dentistry’s fastest growing market segment. Intraoral scanning for Core patient-specific abutments ensures greater precision in impression and abutments, faster turnaround and greater dentist and patient satisfaction. Using the latest in CAD/CAM technologies for a complete one-stop implant- crown solution, Core3dcentres currently offers digital solutions for 17 implant brands with 96 different connections (with more in development), all supported by one of the largest ranges of dual-use lab/intraoral scan bodies (radiopaque and autoclavable) on the market today; lab analogs; digital model analogs; screws; titanium bases; hybrid abutments; titanium abutments and bars; and frameworks in PMMA, Zirconia, Titanium and Co-Cr for screw-retained bridges.
For more information on Core3dcentres Core abutments, or any of our other products, services and educational offerings, please visit; or contact us toll-free at 1-888- 750-9204 or by email at
About Core3dcentres
With production centers in Sydney, Australia; Calgary, Canada; Las Vegas, USA; Glasgow, Scotland; Maartensdijk, Netherlands; Barcelona, Spain; Osaka, Japan; Engelsbrand and Munich, Germany and growing every day, Core3dcentres® open architecture industrial milling platform allows you to supplement your current product line with a wide range of the latest aesthetic options – and new and emerging technologies as soon as they are available – without the risk and commitment of having to invest in the technology yourself. As an authorized milling partner for Ivoclar VivadentTM and LavaTM as well as a Cadent iTeroTM model milling center, Core3dcentres® offers access to all of the leading brands (IPS e.max® CAD, Telio CAD®, ZenoTec®, LavaTM). Our own expanded range of CoreTM prosthetic solutions also includes our Full Morphology Zirconia Crowns & Bridges, our isostatically pressed Zirconia Core (with superior
strength and fit for inlays, onlays, Maryland type bridges, veneers, bridge units up to full arch), along with our Core Resin frameworks/full contour crowns, and Cast Partials.
About Align Technology, Inc.
Align Technology is the leader in modern clear aligner orthodontics that designs, manufactures and markets the Invisalign® system, which provides dental professionals with a range of treatment options for adults and teenagers. The Company also offers the iTero® 3D digital scanning system and services for orthodontic and restorative dentistry. Align Technology was founded in March 1997 and received FDA clearance to market Invisalign in 1998. Visit for more information. For additional information on iTero, please visit

Friday, April 18, 2014

Enter to Win a Free ErgoSure™ Stool with DentalEZ® Group’s “#MYERGOSURE” Facebook Sweepstakes


Malvern, PA (April 14, 2014) – DentalEZ® Group, a supplier of innovative products and services for dental health professionals worldwide, is pleased to announce its #MYERGOSURE Sweepstakes. Currently running on the DentalEZ Group Facebook page, the sweepstakes provides all participants a chance to win a free ErgoSure operator or assistant stool.

Open to all practicing licensed dentists, hygienists and dental assistants, the #MYERGOSURE sweepstakes runs from April 3, 2014 through June 30, 2014. Entering the sweepstakes is easy. DentalEZ Group Facebook fans can simply visit the DentalEZ Facebook page at and click on the “#MYERGOSURE SWEEPSTAKES” tab. An online registration entry form will appear and dental professionals will be prompted to complete the form as instructed.  

Non-fans of the DentalEZ Facebook page can also enter for a chance to win. All dental professionals who are not currently fans of the page are invited to visit the DentalEZ Facebook page and will be eligible to enter the sweepstakes simply by choosing to “like” the page. Once the page is liked, the online registration entry form will appear and the dental professional will be prompted to enter their contact information to be entered in the sweepstakes.

#MYERGOSURE Sweepstakes participants can submit up to one entry per day, and each submission counts as one entry for the grand prize. The grand prize winner will be selected and notified in a random drawing on or about July 14, 2014.  
The design of all ErgoSure Stools centers on the long-standing DentalEZ philosophy of offering ergonomic design and functionality. All ErgoSure Stools are equipped with 4 independent seat mechanisms for easy adjustment of height, seat tilt, back in and out, and concealed height-adjustable lumbar support. All adjustable features enable the dental professional to easily position the stools while seated using one hand.

All ErgoSure stools are equipped with an integral non-slip skin foam technology texture that is fluid-proof and easy to disinfect. ErgoSure operator stools include a built-in adapter for easy attachment of Free-Motion Elbow Supports, which effectively support the elbow during procedures but do not interfere with the movement of the dental professional.

To enter the #MYERGOSURE Sweepstakes, please visit

Please visit DentalEZ Group’s ErgoSure stool product page for more information on the complete line of ErgoSure stools.  

About DentalEZ® Group

DentalEZ® Group is committed to advancing the practice of dentistry through innovative products and services. Encompassing six distinct product brands — StarDental®, DentalEZ®, CustomAir®, RAMVAC®, NevinLabs and Columbia Dentoform® — DentalEZ® Group manufactures everything in the operatory, from handpieces to chairs to vacuum systems to dental simulation models, creating a complete line of products to elevate the health, comfort
and efficiency of the dental operatory. For more information, please visit

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Wednesday, April 16, 2014

Night time only braces?

An Israeli company gives orthodontics new bite! An Israeli company has developed a teeth-straightening device that frees patients from having to wear aligners or unsightly braces. The device, which they say is as effective as conventional straighteners, utilities an air-driven pulsating plate and is designed to be worn only at night.

Tuesday, April 15, 2014

The effect of oral appliances that advanced the mandible forward and limited mouth opening in patients with obstructive sleep apnea: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials

Cover image for Vol. 41 Issue 4
Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Early View (Online Version of Record published before inclusion in an issue



Oral appliances (OAs) have demonstrated efficacy in treating obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), but many different OA devices are available. The Japanese Academy of Dental Sleep Medicine supported the use of OAs that advanced the mandible forward and limited mouth opening and suggested an evaluation of their effects in comparison with untreated or CPAP. A systematic search was undertaken in 16 April 2012. The outcome measures of interest were as follows: Apnea Hypopnea Index (AHI), lowest SpO2, arousal index, Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), the SF-36 Health Survey. We performed this meta-analysis using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) system. Five studies remained eligible after applying the exclusion criteria. Comparing OA and control appliance, OA significantly reduced the weighted mean difference (WMD) in both AHI and the arousal index (favouring OA, AHI: −7·05 events h−1; 95% CI, −12·07 to −2·03; P = 0·006, arousal index: −6·95 events h−1; 95% CI, −11·75 to −2·15; P = 0·005). OAs were significantly less effective at reducing the WMD in AHI and improving lowest SpO2 and SF-36 than CPAP, (favouring OA, AHI: 6·11 events h−1; 95% CI, 3·24 to 8·98; P = 0·0001, lowest SpO2: −2·52%; 95% CI, −4·81 to −0·23; P = 0·03, SF-36: −1·80; 95% CI, −3·17 to −042; P = 0·01). Apnea Hypopnea Index and arousal index were significantly improved by OA relative to the untreated disease. Apnea Hypopnea Index, lowest SpO2 and SF-36 were significantly better with CPAP than with OA. The results of this study suggested that OAs improve OSA compared with untreated. CPAP appears to be more effective in improving OSA than OAs.

Monday, April 14, 2014

Rutgers Study Finds Increased Usage of NJ Emergency Rooms for Dental Care

The Rutgers Center for State Health Policy recently released a report showing an increased usage of state emergency rooms for non-trauma related dental care visits. The report finds, among other things, that our urban areas see an increased utilization and that young-adults and African-Americans are among the highest users. Click here to view the report. To read an additional related article, click here.

Friday, April 11, 2014

Anti-Streptococcal activity of Brazilian Amazon Rain Forest plant extracts presents potential for preventive strategies against dental caries

Journal of Applied Oral Science
Print version ISSN 1678-7757
J. Appl. Oral Sci. vol.22 no.2 Bauru Mar./Apr. 2014 

Caries is a global public health problem, whose control requires the introduction of low-cost treatments, such as strong prevention strategies, minimally invasive techniques and chemical prevention agents. Nature plays an important role as a source of new antibacterial substances that can be used in the prevention of caries, and Brazil is the richest country in terms of biodiversity.

In this study, the disk diffusion method (DDM) was used to screen over 2,000 Brazilian Amazon plant extracts against Streptococcus mutans.

Material and Methods:
Seventeen active plant extracts were identified and fractionated. Extracts and their fractions, obtained by liquid-liquid partition, were tested in the DDM assay and in the microdilution broth assay (MBA) to determine their minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) and minimal bactericidal concentrations (MBCs). The extracts were also subjected to antioxidant analysis by thin layer chromatography.

EB271, obtained from Casearia spruceana, showed significant activity against the bacterium in the DDM assay (20.67±0.52 mm), as did EB1129, obtained from Psychotria sp. (Rubiaceae) (15.04±2.29 mm). EB1493, obtained from Ipomoea alba, was the only extract to show strong activity against Streptococcus mutans (0.08 mg/mL

The active extracts, discovered in the Amazon rain forest, show potential as sources of new antibacterial agents for use as chemical coadjuvants in prevention strategies to treat caries.

Thursday, April 10, 2014

Histological changes within dental pulps in teeth with moderate to severe chronic periodontitis

Cover image for Vol. 47 Issue 4



To investigate the effect of chronic periodontitis on dental pulps by assessing histological changes in the pulps of teeth with moderate to severe periodontitis.


A total of 242 teeth from 162 patients with moderate to severe periodontitis were collected, and histological changes in pulps were investigated by staining with haematoxylin and eosin. Baseline data were taken from the patients’ records before extraction. The morphologic changes observed in the pulp were classified as degreeI, degree II, degree III, degree IV. Statistical analysis of the severity of periodontitis and histological changes with the pulps was applied to Mann–Whitney U rank sum test, while the contingency coefficient was used to analyze the interrelationship between the severity of periodontitis and histological changes in the pulps.


The interrelationship between the severity of periodontitis and histological changes in the pulps was 0.274 (P<0 .001="" and="" between="" differences="" em="" existed="" group="" moderate="" periodontitis="" severe="" significant="" teeth="" with="">P
<0 .001="" 0.397="" and="" attachment="" between="" changes="" em="" histological="" in="" interrelationship="" loss="" pulps="" the="" was="">P<0 .001="" amongst="" attachment="" changes="" degrees="" differences="" histological="" in="" loss="" of="" significant="" sup="" teeth="" the="" there="" various="" were="" with="">2=33.023, P<0 .001="" amongst="" and="" different="" in="" locations="" sup="" teeth="">2 =23.163, P<0 .001="" p="">


There was a positive association between the severity of periodontitis and histological changes within the pulp. More attachment loss was correlated with pathological changes within the dental pulp.

Wednesday, April 09, 2014

Coming Soon: PeriRx LLC’s Breakthrough Salivary Test to Aid in the Fight Against Oral Cancer


The World’s Most Clinically Advanced and Scientifically Validated Molecular DNA Biomarker Test for Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma is Launching in Late Spring

Havertown, PA – April 3, 2014 – PeriRx LLC, a premier developer of breakthrough, non-invasive, oral diagnostic technology recently announced that it will be introducing the world’s most clinically advanced and scientifically validated molecular DNA biomarker test for oral squamous cell carcinoma detection in the late spring.

According to PeriRx LLC’s CEO Stephen M. Swanick, “This is a simple-to-use, painless and noninvasive test designed for front line healthcare practitioners that enables them to detect disease earlier, enhance patient wellness and reduce the overall cost of healthcare.” 
The salivary test is based on a strong scientific foundation of NIH-funded research with initial discovery and pre-validation work by Dr. David Wong of the University of California at Los Angeles. The test also has the distinction of being the first of its kind assay in the world to aid in the identification and early detection of oral lesions at the highest risk for cancer.

These discriminatory salivary biomarkers have been clinically validated in multiple large trials including studies in collaboration with the National Cancer Institute and with premiere US academic medical centers such as the University of Michigan, Michigan State University and the Providence Health System in Detroit.

For more information, visit To become an early adopter of the salivary test, or to become an investor in PeriRx LLC, contact Stephen M. Swanick at 610-449-9625 or

About PeriRx LLC:

Based in Havertown, Pennsylvania, PeriRx LLC is a premier developer of breakthrough, non-invasive, oral diagnostic technology that will help clinical professionals detect and treat diseases sooner and enhance the practice of wellness management.  
The company was founded in 2008 to explore, innovate, and develop novel therapeutics or devices focused on the oral inflammatory/systemic connection. The PeriRx executive team consists of CEO Stephen M. Swanick, an entrepreneur and experienced drug and device development professional; Dr. Neil Gottehrer, a practicing dentist; and Dr. Jack Martin, a cardiologist.

PeriRx obtained its patented and patent-pending technologies from inventor Dr. David Wong’s firm RNAmeTRIX and the Regents of the University of California at Los Angeles. PeriRx and RNAmeTrix have ongoing agreements which ensure the continuing research and development necessary to advance product development from clinical trial, through FDA approval, and into commercialization.

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Tuesday, April 08, 2014

LED Imaging Announces Partnership with Ray Co., Ltd., a Subsidiary of Samsung

LED Imaging now sells, installs and supports the
RAYSCAN α – Expert multi-function dental imaging system

ATLANTA – April 3, 2014 – LED Imaging, the new dental imaging division of LED Dental Ltd. (“LED Dental” or the “Company”) announced today that it is partnering with Ray Co., Ltd., a subsidiary of Samsung, to sell, install and provide support for the RAYSCAN α Expert dental imaging system. The RAYSCAN α Expert is a multi-function digital extraoral imaging system with 3D cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), panoramic and cephalometric capabilities. Ray Co. is the first partner to join LED Imaging’s product portfolio since the company announced its expansion into the dental imaging category and emergent product offerings.

“We are very excited about working with Ray Co. and Samsung to provide practitioners with a compact, yet powerful, CBCT imaging system to capture the crisp, high-quality images needed for diagnosis and treatment,” said Lamar Roberts, president of LED Imaging. “We understand what practitioners want and need, so partnerships like this give us an advantage to provide the best technology available in each product category.”

The RAYSCAN α Expert’s 3D images are captured using an optimal 9 cm x 9 cm field of view, which is ideal for a wide variety of clinical applications. The system’s CMOS and Direct Deposition Cesium Iodide (CsI) Detector ensure practitioners can quickly capture high-quality, 16-bit DICOM images at a low radiation dose. To minimize error from patient positioning and movement, the system’s focal trough is stabilized and controlled through Adaptive Moving Focus technology. The RAYSCAN α’s exclusive denoising technology enhances image quality by removing noise that would otherwise blur the image.

Due to its sleek design, the RAYSCAN α Expert can fit into nearly any practice floor plan. The system’s height adjustment component means patients of all sizes, including those in wheelchairs, can fit comfortably in the unit. The RAYSCAN α Expert is also the world’s first imaging system to utilize a wireless remote control for patient positioning. Additionally, green, blue, yellow and red LED lights indicate the status of the unit to practitioners at a glance: ready, standby, exposure and emergency. These components led to the RAYSCAN α Expert receiving both the red dot design award and International Design Excellence Bronze Award for its effective product design.

In addition to the RAYSCAN α Expert’s advanced imaging capabilities and unique design, the system also features an intuitive user interface to streamline the capture process and simplify the manipulation of images. The system utilizes Xelis 3D Imaging Software, which features state-of-the art functionality and a comprehensive implant planning module.

“With the legal close of our business partnership with LED Imaging, we're one step closer to bringing oral health practitioners a strong manufacturer that offers greater dental products and access to more services in the U.S. market,” said Dr. Sangchul Lee, CEO of Ray Co. “As such, we’re proud to align our product with the LED Imaging brand due to its solid leadership team with both clinical and industry experience.”

Ray Co. is Samsung’s first subsidiary business venture in the dental technology industry. Samsung is a worldwide leader in technology and electronics. LED Imaging will offer nationwide service and technical support for the RAYSCAN α - Expert. To learn more about LED Imaging, visit

About Ray Co., Ltd., a Subsidiary of Samsung
Since 2004, Ray Co., Ltd., has specialized in researching, developing and producing high-quality 3D computed tomography systems for the medical and dental industries. Due to outstanding x-ray technology development, Ray Co. became a subsidiary of worldwide technology leader SAMSUNG Electronics Co., Ltd, in 2010. With Samsung’s full support on design, manufacturing and quality management, Ray Co. launched the RAYSCAN α - Expert in 2012. The company strives for differentiation in the dental industry through relentless R&D to deliver imaging products based on a unique design concept: simple + smart + emotional.

About LED Dental Ltd.
Based in Atlanta, Ga., LED Dental Ltd. is a whollyowned subsidiary of LED Medical Diagnostics Inc. Backed by an experienced leadership team dedicated to a higher level of service and support, LED Dental offers advanced diagnostic imaging equipment that seamlessly integrates into dental practices. The Company is committed to providing dental practitioners with the best technology available by identifying and adding strong products to its growing portfolio. Additionally, the company manufactures the award-winning VELscope® Vx Enhanced Oral Assessment System, the first system in the world to apply tissue fluorescence visualization technology to the oral cavity. The VELscope® Vx is now used to conduct more screenings for oral cancer and other oral diseases than any other adjunctive device. For more information, call 888.541.4614 or visit

About LED Medical Diagnostics Inc.
Founded in 2003 and headquartered in Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada, LED Medical Diagnostics Inc. is a leading developer of LEDbased visualization technologies for the medical industry. The Company is currently listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange (TSXV) under the symbol “LMD,” the OTCQX under the symbol “LEDIF,” as well as the Frankfurt Stock Exchange under the symbol “LME.” For more information, visit

Monday, April 07, 2014

Henry Schein Announces Release Of Dentrix Ascend™

Cloud-Based Practice Management System Completes Beta Testing
MELVILLE, N.Y., April 4, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Henry Schein, Inc. (NASDAQ: HSIC), the world's largest provider of health care products and services to office-based dental, animal health and medical practitioners, today announced the availability of Dentrix Ascend, its first cloud-based practice management system.
Having completed beta testing, Dentrix Ascend features a web-based practice management system that enhances dental practice efficiency by providing the benefits of the cloud, including automatic data backup, upgrades delivered in small, easily learned modules, and round-the-clock access from any model of computer-Personal Computer, Macintosh or tablet.
"Dentrix Ascend provides a completely new experience in dental practice management," said Kevin Bunker, President, Henry Schein North American Dental Practice Solutions.  "Not only is it cloud-based, but it also improves workflow and practice efficiency with an entirely new, easy-to-learn interface that we created based on hundreds of hours of usability research."
Recognized by Dental Products Report (DPR) as one of the five Top Upgrades and Innovations of 2013, Dentrix Ascend offers a unique approach to managing office workflow in the way it delivers real-time information. "While most software systems provide reports that look back at data from the month before, Dentrix Ascend provides a dashboard of real-time information to ensure dental team members focus on the most important tasks, right away. In addition, it streamlines the path for completing those tasks," Bunker added.
Customers can subscribe to Dentrix Ascend on a month-to-month basis, offering dentists greater flexibility than long-term service contracts. In addition, Dentrix Ascend includes many features that are typically costly add-on modules in other systems-such as patient reminder services and electronic insurance claim submission - all for a single monthly price.  
For more information about Dentrix Ascend, visit

Friday, April 04, 2014

Liberia: 'One Dentist Serving 700,000 Patients in Liberia'

Monrovia — "In Liberia, we have seven dentists, one to seven hundred thousand and we have fifteen counties and twelve out of those counties, do not have dentists. In JFK, we will have 10-15 deaths yearly," Dr. Ayele Ajavon Cox.
As a way of creating awareness, World Oral Health Day on Thursday was observed at the Ministry of Health & Social Welfare where school children teeth were cleaned and hundreds of toothbrushes and toothpastes were distributed among the pupils.
Celebrating the first world oral health Day in Liberia, Dr. Ayele Ajavon Cox, DMD Hygienist Dental Therapist/practitioner, known to be the foot soldier in collaboration with Smile for Liberia, observed the day through the reaction of awareness.
Looking at Liberia's statics of one Dentist to seven hundred Thousand and her own story of how she became a foot soldier, Dr. Cox said ninety percent of the world suffers toothache sixty percent have access.
"Why I am the foot soldier is because when I was 12 years old, my cousin Yede Baker and I lived in Grand Cape Mount County with her father and my Uncle JDK Baker. And one year he decided to bring my cousin and I to Monrovia because all during the year we were complaining about our teeth. There were no roads to Monrovia, only boats and canons, but we walked two days to come to Monrovia because my uncle said the boats and canoes were safe to travel. And we arrived in Monrovia to a Dentist called Dr. Townsend and he extracted our teeth."
She said it was then, that she realized that she and her cousin were lucky because they had the opportunity to see a Dentist. "There were several others in Cape Mount who would have never been able to afford a dental treatment. So I decided to become a dentist. This is why I am the foot soldier."
Mrs. Yah Martor Zolia, Deputy Minister of Planning and Research Development, Ministry of Health & Social Welfare, gave the keynote address under the theme: 'Do you know that your oral health could affect your overall body health?'
She said the aim of the day is to create a need for a robust sensitization campaign locally and internationally. According to her, ninety percent of the world population will suffer oral health problems in their lifetime, which could be avoided.
"The incident of oral cancer is between one to ten cases per hundred thousand in most countries, because oral cancer is the eighth most common form of cancer in the world and the most costly to treat. Therefore, we need a robust oral health sensitization campaign because the risk for oral cancer, is fifteen times higher when the two main risk factors which are tobacco and alcohol consumption which are common in Liberia."
She said Liberia needs this campaign because over ninety percent of children here have not seen a dentist or had a dental treatment. "We need it because we have only seven dentists in Liberia and the ratio is one dentist to seven hundred thousand persons. A free government support, health and association, societal support, forming of prevention, infections and treatment programs can help avoid these problems. We also need to create relevant social programs to sensitize the public."
At the program, little Daniel Ireland, gave a testimony of his friend who died from toothache.
"Our friend had teeth and we told our grandmother and she sent him to see Dr. Cox at JFK for treatment and after his treatment, he was due back to the hospital on Monday when Dr. Cox did not see him at the hospital, she called Grandma, and when Grandma called his home to find out what happened, she found out that he was taken to the sick bush. Grandma made them bring him back to the hospital, but sadly a few days later, he died. The people in the community said it was poison because tooth could not just kill people like that."
Kormassa Baysay, a baby mother who had toothache when she was pregnant, also gave her experience during her pregnancy but she survived. Dr. Cox said they don't normally give pregnant women antibiotic, but due to Kormassa's case that survived a surgery, she took very strong antibiotics and it did not harm the baby whom she named Mr. JFK.
Dr. Taylor Neal, who is another Dentist said he and Dr. Cox are the only two Liberians dentists in the country and they are nearing retirement because they are old and cannot go on forever. "We are fading out, so we need more dentists and many of the Liberian dentists are in the US, so the government will have to offer salaries that will attract them home to come and work."
Some recommendations at the end of the program included calls for the ministries of health and Education to infuse oral health into the school's curriculum. Thus, many believe to make more medical persons be trained locally and internationally to become a Dentist.

Thursday, April 03, 2014

Soft tissue wound healing around teeth and dental implants.

J Clin Periodontol. 2014 Apr;41 Suppl 15:S6-S22. doi: 10.1111/jcpe.12206.Abstract


To provide an overview on the biology and soft tissue wound healing around teeth and dental implants.


This narrative review focuses on cell biology and histology of soft tissue wounds around natural teeth and dental implants.


The available data indicate that: Oral wounds follow a similar pattern. The tissue specificities of the gingival, alveolar and palatal mucosa appear to be innately and not necessarily functionally determined. The granulation tissue originating from the periodontal ligament or from connective tissue originally covered by keratinized epithelium has the potential to induce keratinization. However, it also appears that deep palatal connective tissue may not have the same potential to induce keratinization as the palatal connective tissue originating from an immediately subepithelial area. Epithelial healing following non-surgical and surgical periodontal therapy appears to be completed after a period of 7-14 days. Structural integrity of a maturing wound between a denuded root surface and a soft tissue flap is achieved at approximately 14-days post-surgery. The formation of the biological width and maturation of the barrier function around transmucosal implants requires 6-8 weeks of healing. The established peri-implant soft connective tissue resembles a scar tissue in composition, fibre orientation, and vasculature. The peri-implant junctional epithelium may reach a greater final length under certain conditions such as implants placed into fresh extraction sockets versus conventional implant procedures in healed sites.

Wednesday, April 02, 2014

Biology of soft tissue wound healing and regeneration - Consensus Report of Group 1 of the 10th European Workshop on Periodontology

J Clin Periodontol. 2014 Apr;41 Suppl 15:S1-5. doi: 10.1111/jcpe.12221.



The scope of this consensus was to review the biological processes of soft tissue wound healing in the oral cavity and to histologically evaluate soft tissue healing in clinical and pre-clinical models.


To review the current knowledge regarding the biological processes of soft tissue wound healing at teeth, implants and on the edentulous ridge. Furthermore, to review soft tissue wound healing at these sites, when using barrier membranes, growth and differentiation factors and soft tissue substitutes.


Searches of the literature with respect to recessions at teeth and soft tissue deficiencies at implants, augmentation of the area of keratinized tissue and soft tissue volume were conducted. The available evidence was collected, categorized and summarized.


Oral mucosal and skin wound healing follow a similar pattern of the four phases of haemostasis, inflammation, proliferation and maturation/matrix remodelling. The soft connective tissue determines the characteristics of the overlaying oral epithelium. Within 7-14 days, epithelial healing of surgical wounds at teeth is completed. Soft tissue healing following surgery at implants requires 6-8 weeks for maturation. The resulting tissue resembles scar tissue. Well-designed pre-clinical studies providing histological data have been reported describing soft tissue wound healing, when using barrier membranes, growth and differentiation factors and soft tissue substitutes. Few controlled clinical studies with low numbers of patients are available for some of the treatments reviewed at teeth. Whereas, histological new attachment has been demonstrated in pre-clinical studies resulting from some of the treatments reviewed, human histological data commonly report a lack of new attachment but rather long junctional epithelial attachment and connective tissue adhesion. Regarding soft tissue healing at implants human data are very scarce.


Oral soft tissue healing at teeth, implants and the edentulous ridge follows the same phases as skin wound healing. Histological studies in humans have not reported new attachment formation at teeth for the indications studied. Human histological data of soft tissue wound healing at implants are limited.


The use of barriers membranes, growth and differentiation factors and soft tissue substitutes for the treatment of localized gingival/mucosal recessions, insufficient amount of keratinized tissue and insufficient soft tissue volume is at a developing stage.

Tuesday, April 01, 2014


Quantum Dental Technologies (QDT) announced findings further confirming that The Canary System® can detect caries on interproximal surfaces. The findings were formally presented at the American Association of Dental Research (AADR) Meeting in Charlotte, North Carolina last week.
“Detection of interproximal caries is the final frontier in the detection of tooth decay”, said Dr. Stephen Abrams, President of QDT. “The sensitivity using X-rays and visual inspection methods is inadequate. By the time caries or decay is visible on a radiograph, the lesion is already at least 60% into the dentin, requiring a restoration or filling. Now with The Canary System, clinicians can make more informed decisions regarding diagnosis and treatment planning. By finding small lesions before they are visible on x-rays, the dentist can offer a more conservative restoration or possibly try to remineralize or stabilize these lesions.
The energy conversion technology, PTR-LUM, that powers The Canary System enabled investigators, blinded to the samples, to distinguish teeth that were healthy from those that had caries. The data presented at AADR indicates that The Canary System offers a sensitivity of 0.7 versus 0.2 when employing radiographic examination or 0.4 with visual inspection using the ICDAS II ranking system. Using polarized light microscopy as the validation tool, the status (caries/non-caries) of each examined interproximal surface was confirmed.
Unlike other devices, The Canary System detects tooth decay by examining the actual crystal structure of the teeth. In addition, the system’s interactive software and customized patient reports engage patients in their own oral healthcare, and help them understand and accept the prescribed treatment plan.

For those who did not attend the AADR, please visit  or email to request additional information.