Fracture resistance of monolithic zirconia crowns with different occlusal thicknesses in implant prostheses

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Publication stage: In Press Corrected Proof


Statement of problem

The use of monolithic zirconia crowns in implant prostheses is increasing, especially when the interdental space is insufficient. However, fractures have been reported in clinical practice.


The purpose of this study was to determine the minimal thickness of a complete zirconia crown used for an implant prosthesis in the posterior dental region.

Material and methods

Fifty complete zirconia crowns were produced using a computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing technique. In each group, 5 crowns of varying thicknesses (0.4, 0.5, 0.6, 0.7, and 0.8 mm) were subjected to cycles of vertical and 10-degree oblique compressive loading at 5 Hz and 300 N in a servohydraulic testing machine. Five finite element models comprising 5 different occlusal thicknesses (0.4, 0.5, 0.6, 0.7, and 0.8 mm) were simulated at 2 loading angles (0 and 10 degrees) and 3 loading forces (300, 500, and 800 N). Data were statistically analyzed, and fracture patterns were observed with a scanning electron microscope.


Cyclic loading tests revealed that the fracture resistance of the specimens was positively associated with prosthesis thickness (P<.01). Low von Mises stress values were obtained for prostheses with a minimal thickness of 0.7 mm under varying loading directions and forces.


Zirconia prostheses with a minimal thickness of 0.7 mm had a high fracture resistance and the lowest stress values. Therefore, dentists and laboratory technicians should carefully choose the optimum thickness of zirconia prostheses.


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