The aim of this study
was to compare peri-implant conditions between fully edentulous (FES)
and partially edentulous subjects (PES).
MATERIAL AND METHODS:
systematic review was conducted. The MEDLINE, EMBASE and COCHRANE
databases were searched for publications up to January 1st 2012. Studies
reporting on the bleeding tendency of the peri-implant mucosa and/or
studies reporting on the prevalence of peri-implant mucositis and/or
peri-implantitis were considered.
publications describing 46 studies were selected. One study described
both FES and PES, and all other studies described either FES or PES.
Subgroup analyses were performed according to dental status
(fully/partially edentulous), follow-up time (≥5 years and ≥ 10 years)
and study design (prospective/cross-sectional). FES harboured more
plaque at their implants than PES. Modified bleeding index scores were
significantly higher in FES, but no differences in bleeding on probing,
implant loss and probing pocket depth were observed between FES and PES.
No meta-analysis could be performed on prevalence of peri-implant
mucositis and peri-implantitis. Overall prevalence of peri-implantitis
was 0-3.4% after 5 years and 5.8-16.9% after 10 years of implant
FES and PES show comparable
implant survival rates. However, no conclusion can be drawn regarding
differences in prevalence of peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis
between FES and PES.