Effect of Whitening Toothpastes on Dentin Abrasion: An In Vitro Study

Oral Health Prev Dent 14 (2016), No. 6  (12.12.2016)

Page 547-553, doi:10.3290/j.ohpd.a36465, PubMed:27351730

Purpose: To compare the effect of toothbrushing abrasion with hydrated silica-based whitening and regular toothpastes on root dentin using contact profilometry.

Materials and Methods: Ninety dentin specimens (4 x 4 x 2 mm) were randomly divided into five experimental groups (n = 18) according to the toothpaste: three whitening (W1, W2 and W3) and two regular toothpastes (R1 and R2) produced by two different manufacturers. Using a brushing machine, each specimen was brushed with a constant load of 300 g for 2500 cycles (4.5 cycles/s). The toothpastes were diluted at a ratio of 1:3 w/w (dentifrice:distilled water). The brush diamond tip of the profilometer moved at a constant speed of 0.05 mm/s with a force of 0.7 mN.

Results: The average value of brushing abrasion in μm (mean ± SD) was obtained from five consecutive measurements of each specimen: W1 = 8.86 ± 1.58, W2 = 7.59 ± 1.04, W3 = 8.27 ± 2.39, R1 = 2.89 ± 1.05 and R2= 2.94 ± 1.29. There was a significant difference between groups (ANOVA, p<0 .0001="" all="" among="" and="" between="" but="" comparisons="" differences="" for="" multiple="" nbsp="" nor="" not="" p="" post-hoc="" regular="" s="" showed="" test="" the="" toothpastes.="" toothpastes="" tukey="" whitening="">
Conclusion: The whitening toothpastes tested can cause more dentin abrasion than the regular ones.


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