The effect of chewing gum on the impact, pain and breakages associated with fixed orthodontic appliances: a randomized clinical trial
This is an interesting article and maybe of the reason to go back to Bazooka bubble gum. MJ
Benson, P. E., Razi, R. M. and Al-Bloushi, R. J. (2012), The effect of chewing gum on the impact, pain and breakages associated with fixed orthodontic appliances: a randomized clinical trial. Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research. doi: 10.1111/j.1601-6343.2012.01546.x
Objectives – To determine whether the use of chewing gum reduced the impact and pain of fixed orthodontic appliances.
Setting and sample population – The Orthodontic Department of the Charles Clifford Dental Hospital, Sheffield, UK. Fifty-seven patients aged 18 years or younger and who were about to start fixed orthodontic appliance treatment.
Subjects and Methods – A randomized clinical trial with two parallel groups either allocated to receive chewing gum after placement of their appliance or who were asked not to chew gum. The patients completed a previously validated Impact of Fixed Appliances questionnaire at 24 h and 1 week following each visit up until the placement of the working archwire. A visual analogue scale (VAS) was used to assess the intensity of pain. Appliance breakages were recorded to the end of treatment.
Results – The difference between the median Total Impact Score of the two groups at 24 h was 16, which was significant (p = 0.031; Mann–Whitney U-test). The difference between the median VAS between the two groups at 24 h was 25 mm, which was significant (p = 0.038; Mann–Whitney U-test). There were no differences at 1 week. None of the risk ratios for appliance breakages were significant.
Conclusion – Chewing gum significantly decreased both the impact and pain from the fixed appliances. There was no evidence that chewing gum increased the incidence of appliance breakages.