Saturday, September 11, 2010

Clinician- and patient-reported long-term evaluation of screw- and cement-retained implant restorations: a 5-year prospective study

Clinical Oral Investigations
DOI: 10.1007/s00784-010-0460-4

Sami Sherif, Srinivas M. Susarla, Jae-Woong Hwang, Hans-Peter Weber and Robert F. Wright

Abstract
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the survival and success of screw- versus cement-retained implant crowns over a 5-year period. This was a multi-center prospective cohort study, consisting of patients who had ≥1 dental implant placed and restored in the anterior maxilla over a 5-year period. The primary predictor variable was the type of restoration (screw- versus cement-retained). The outcome variables were clinician- or patient-reported measures related to soft tissue and restoration quality. Descriptive and bivariate statistics were computed to compare the screw- versus cement-retained groups. Kaplan–Meier statistics were computed for implant survival. Information was collected for 102 patients who had 214 implants placed during the study period. Complete data, amenable to analysis, were available for 99 (97.1%) patients and 193 (90.2%) implants. The restorations were approximately evenly divided between screw- (53.4%) and cement-retained (46.6%). Approximately 49% of patients in the sample were female; the sample's mean age was 47.3 ± 13.9 years; each patient had an average of 2.0 ± 1.0 implants placed and restored. The mean time from prosthesis placement (definitive) to study endpoint was 61.9 ± 10.6 months. The overall implant survival rate was 96.4%, with no statistically significant difference in survival between the screw- and cement-retained groups (p = 0.45). The majority of clinician- and patient-assessed outcomes were similar. The results of this study indicate that for the majority of clinician- and patient-assessed success parameters screw- and cement-retained restorations are equivalent in the anterior maxilla.

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