Saturday, April 10, 2010

Willingness to pay for implant therapy: a study of patient preference

Willingness to pay for implant therapy: a study of patient preference
Katherine C. M. Leung  and Colman P. J. McGrath 
 

Clinical Oral Implants Research

Early View (Articles online in advance of print)

Published Online: 5 Apr 2010

ABSTRACT

Aims: This study determined the amount of willingness to pay (WTP) for implant treatment and identified the factors affecting WTP.
Methods: Subjects attending a university dental hospital were recruited (n=59). They were presented with two hypothetical clinical scenarios: missing one anterior/posterior tooth. The clinical procedures, outcome and plausible complications of various replacement options (fixed and removable partial dentures, implants) and sequelae of no treatment were presented. They were then asked how much they were willing to pay for tooth replacement under the two situations using a bidding method, with a starting bid of Hong Kong (HK)$20,000 in HK$1000 increment/decrement if they were willing/unwilling to pay that amount (1 USD=7.8 HKD). The amount was recorded at which the subject chose the opposite option or it reached HK$0. Demographic data were also collected. WTP values were compared between anterior and posterior replacements, and among various demographic subgroups. Spearman's correlations and linear regression analysis were also conducted.
Results: Ninety-four percent and 84% of the subjects chose implant treatment to replace missing anterior and posterior teeth, respectively. The mean WTP amounts for anterior/posterior tooth replacement were HK$11,000/HK$10,000 (P>0.05). Higher WTP amounts were obtained from females, subjects without missing teeth or restorative need, and had attained higher level of education (P<0.05). Gender (P<0.05), level of education (P=0.042), and the presence of missing teeth (P=0.001) were independent predictors of WTP.
Conclusions: The estimated WTP value for a single tooth replacement using dental implants was HK$10,000. Gender, level of education and presence of missing teeth were independent predictors that influenced WTP.

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