Tuesday, May 18, 2010

Methods for monitoring patient dose in dental radiology

Methods for monitoring patient dose in dental radiology

Abstract

Different types of X-ray equipment are used in dental radiology, such as intra-oral, panoramic, cephalometric, cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) units. Digital receptors have replaced film and screen-film systems and other technical developments have been made. The radiation doses arising from different types of examination are sparsely documented and often expressed in different radiation quantities. In order to allow the comparison of radiation doses using conventional techniques, i.e. intra-oral, panoramic and cephalometric units, with those obtained using, CBCT or MSCT techniques, the same quantities and units of dose must be used. Dose determination should be straightforward and reproducible, and data should be stored for each image and clinical examination. It is shown here that air kerma–area product (PKA) values can be used to monitor the radiation doses used in all types of dental examinations including CBCT and MSCT. However, for the CBCT and MSCT techniques, the methods for the estimation of dose must be more thoroughly investigated. The values recorded can be used to determine the diagnostic standard doses and to set diagnostic reference levels for each type of clinical examination and equipment used. It should also be possible to use these values for the estimation and documentation of organ or effective doses.

No comments: