Oral Health Prev Dent 14 (2016), No. 6 (12.12.2016)
Page 485-491, doi:10.3290/j.ohpd.a37135
Purpose: To clinically evaluate the effectiveness of resin infiltration
in conjunction with fluoride varnish treatment vs fluoride varnish
treatment alone on facial smooth-surface caries lesions in deciduous
Materials and Methods: This randomised clinical trial was
conducted in 419 children aged 18-71 months with at least two active
smooth-surface caries lesions in deciduous teeth (ICDAS II score 2).
Eighty-one participants met the inclusion criteria and were allocated to
one of the two treatment groups: resin infiltration and fluoride
varnish (RI+FV) (n = 41) and fluoride varnish only (FV) (n = 40). The
prevalence of treated white spot lesions (WSL) was scored. Fluoride
varnish was applied in both groups every 3 months for a year.
The mean baseline age of children was 3.8 ± 1.3 years. The
effectiveness of resin infiltration measured as the percentage of
children who did not present any progression of the treated lesions
amounted to 43.1%. After one year, 92.1% of the infiltrated lesions
(RI+FV) and 70.6% of the FV lesions had not progressed (p < 0.001).
Resin infiltration in conjunction with fluoride varnish treatment of
early facial smooth-surface caries lesions in deciduous teeth is
superior to fluoride varnish treatment alone for reducing lesion