To examine the effect of adjunctive application of chlorhexidine (CHX) and ethanol-wet bonding (EWB) on bond durability and nanoleakage of hydrophobic adhesive to sound (SD) and caries-affected dentine (CAD).
Dentine surfaces of molars were etched after caries removal and randomly allocated to four groups (n = 12). In Groups 1 and 2, dentine surfaces were saturated with either 2 ml of 100% ethanol or 2 ml of ethanol with 2% CHX for 60 s. In Groups 3 and 4, dentine surfaces were saturated with either 15 μL of distilled water or 15 μL of distilled water with 2% CHX for 60 s. Two coats of primer, followed by neat resin were applied and light-cured for 40 s. Resin composite build-ups were placed and bonded specimens were sectioned for bond strength testing after 24 h and 12 months’ storage in artificial saliva. Bond strength data were analyzed using 3-way ANOVA and SNK tests. Interfacial nanoleakage was evaluated after 24 h and 12 months using a field-emission scanning electron microscopy and data were analyzed using Kruskal–Wallis test.
Significant differences were observed for the three factors: “substrate” (p < 0.001), “rewetting agents” (p < 0.001) and “time” (p < 0.001) on bond strength. Incorporation of 2% CHX to EWB preserved bond strength to SD and CAD and reduced interfacial nanoleakage after 12 months. Incorporation of 2% CHX to WWB also preserved bond strength to SD after ageing.
Incorporation of chlorhexidine to ethanol-wet bonding has an interaction effect on preservation of bond durability to sound and caries-affected dentine.
Incorporation of chlorhexidine to ethanol-wet bonding with hydrophobic adhesive enhances the success rate of aesthetic bonded restorations.