published online on Jan. 22 in Seizure: European Journal of Epilepsy
Periodontal disease is very common
worldwide and affects people at all socioeconomic levels. Researchers
from Brazil have now investigated the link between seizures and
periodontal status in epilepsy patients. They found that periodontal
disease and seizure severity were correlated in the patient group.
In the study, researchers determined the periodontal disease
status of 109 patients treated for epilepsy and a control group, and
documented the patients' seizure frequency and use of medication.
They observed that patients were significantly more susceptible to poor
oral hygiene, gingivitis and periodontitis compared with the controls.
In addition, they found that seizure frequency was associated with poor
oral hygiene, gingivitis and periodontitis. Therefore, epilepsy patients
need to focus more on their oral health and quality of oral hygiene,
the researchers concluded.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 1 in 2
U.S. adults aged 30 and over have periodontal disease. The World Health
Organization estimates that the severe form of the disease, which may
result in tooth loss, is found in 15–20 percent of middle-aged adults.
Epilepsy affects about 2.3 million adults and 467,711 children in the
U.S. alone, states CDC. About 150,000 new cases of epilepsy are
diagnosed each year.