Monday, October 14, 2013

Effect of fluoride varnish supplemented with sodium trimetaphosphate on enamel erosion and abrasion: An in situ/ex vivo study

Available online 3 October 2013

Abstract

Objective

To evaluate the effect of fluoride (F) varnishes supplemented or not with sodium trimetaphosphate (TMP) on enamel erosive wear followed or not by abrasion in situ. Methods: Ten volunteers were selected and randomly divided into four groups, according to the varnishes tested: placebo (no F or TMP), 5% NaF (positive control), 2.5% NaF and 2.5% NaF/5% TMP. Enamel blocks (n = 4) were mounted in palatal devices and received an application of each test varnish, following a double-blind, crossover protocol. After 6 hours, varnishes were completely removed and the blocks were subjected to erosive challenges by ex vivo immersion in citric acid (5 min, 4x/dia, 5 days). Following, half of the blocks were subjected to abrasion by brushing with a placebo dentifrice slurry for 15 seconds. Enamel wear (μm), surface hardness (SHf) and cross-sectional hardness (ΔKHN) were assessed after each experimental period. Results were analyzed by ANOVA, Student-Newman-Keuls's test and Pearson correlation coefficient (p < 0.05).

Results

The fluoride varnish supplemented with TMP promoted significantly lower wear and ΔKHN when compared to the other groups after erosive challenges, followed or not by abrasion (p < 0.05). As for (SHf) the fluoride varnish supplemented with TMP promoted similar results to the 5% NaF product, being significantly higher than the remaining groups after erosive and erosive + abrasive challenges (p < 0.05).

Conclusion

TMP significantly enhanced the effects of F on enamel wear after erosive challenges, followed or not by abrasion.

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