Fujisawa, M., Kanemura, K., Tanabe, N., Gohdo, Y., Watanabe, A., Iizuka, T., Sato, M. and Ishibashi, K. (2013), Determination of daytime clenching events in subjects with and without self-reported clenching. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation. doi: 10.1111/joor.12087
To confirm the validity of self-awareness of daytime clenching, specific electromyogram (EMG) characteristics of clenching behaviour were determined using surface EMG recordings. Temporal muscle EMGs were recorded for 5 h in 13 subjects with self-reported clenching (clenching group: 27·5 ± 3·8 years old) and 12 subjects without self-reported clenching (control group: 28·6 ± 7·1 years old). All EMG data were recorded and stored on a portable EMG apparatus. The device was similar in size to a hearing aid, and suitable to record daytime EMG without restriction of daily activities. A clenching event was defined as muscle activity exceeding 10% of the maximum voluntary contraction. Furthermore, simultaneous voice recording was also performed to identify the corresponding EMG event as functional or parafunctional. The mean number of clenching events was 192·8 ± 228·8 and 24·8 ± 26·5 in the clenching and the control groups, respectively (P < 0·05, Mann–Whitney U-test); the number of functional events was not significantly different between the groups. Because there was a significant difference in the number of clenching events between the groups, self-reported daytime clenching is considered to be a reliable screening parameter for awake bruxism.