Prasanna GSR, Reddy K, Kumar RKN, Shivaprakash S. Evaluation of Efficacy of Different Gingival Displacement Materials on Gingival Sulcus Width. J Contemp Dent Pract 2013;14(2):217-221.
Aim: The purpose of the present in vivo study was to measure the efficacy of different gingival displacement materials in achieving gingival tissue displacement and to compare the efficacy of Expasyl displacement paste (Pierre Rolland, France) and gingival displacement cord for gingival displacement. Materials and methods: Sixteen subjects were included in the study. Premolars were prepared to receive full veneer crown, gingival displacement was carried using gingival retraction cord and gingival displacement paste. Impression of the gingival sulcus was made. Sulcus width after displacement was measured under magnification. Results: The mean displacement value of sulcus width was 0.21 ± 0.01 mm for the gingival retraction cord and 0.26 ± 0.02 mm for the gingival displacement paste. 'F' test was used for statistical analysis. Difference among the two test agents was statistically significant (p < 0.01). Conclusion: Gingival displacement paste showed better response in achieving horizontal displacement of the gingival sulcus than gingival retraction cord. Clinical significance: Gingival displacement helps in recording the unprepared tooth surface adjacent to the finish line in the impression being made, thereby helping a better marginal adaptation and emergence profile in the extracoronal restoration.