Tuesday, June 11, 2013

Bond Strength of the Porcelain Repair System to All-Ceramic Copings and Porcelain

Lee, S. J., Cheong, C. W., Wright, R. F. and Chang, B. M. (2013), Bond Strength of the Porcelain Repair System to All-Ceramic Copings and Porcelain. Journal of Prosthodontics. doi: 10.1111/jopr.12064

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to investigate the shear bond strength of the porcelain repair system on alumina and zirconia core ceramics, comparing this strength with that of veneering porcelain.

Materials and Methods

Veneering ceramic (n = 12), alumina core (n = 24), and zirconia core (n = 24) blocks measuring 10 × 5 × 5 mm3 were fabricated. Veneering ceramic blocks were used as the control. Alumina and zirconia core blocks were divided into 2 groups (n = 12 each), and a slot (2 × 2 × 4 mm3) filled with veneering ceramics was prepared into one of the alumina and zirconia core groups (n = 12). Followed by surface treatments of micro-abrasion with 30 μm alumina particles, etching with 35% phosphoric acid and silane primer and bond, composite resin blocks (2 × 2 × 2 mm3) were built up and light polymerized onto the treated surfaces by 3 configurations: (a) composite blocks bonded onto veneering ceramic surface alone, (b) composite blocks bonded onto alumina core or zirconia core surfaces, (c) a 50% surface area of the composite blocks bonded to veneering ceramics and the other 50% surface area of the composite blocks to alumina core or zirconia core surfaces. The shear bond strength of the composite to each specimen was tested by a universal testing machine at a 0.5 mm/min crosshead speed. The shear bond strength was analyzed by unpaired t-tests for within the configuration groups and ANOVA for among the different configuration groups.

Results

When the mean shear bond strength was compared within groups of the same configuration, there were no statistically significant differences. Comparison of the shear bond strength among groups of different configurations revealed statistically significant differences. The mean shear bond strength of composite onto 100% veneering ceramic surface and composite onto 50% veneering 50% all-ceramic cores was statistically higher than that of composite onto 100% all-ceramic cores; however, the differences of the shear bond strength of composite bonded only onto the veneering ceramic surface were not statistically significant from those of 50% surface area of composite bonded onto all-ceramic cores.

Conclusion

No statistically significant differences in the bond strength of a porcelain repair system to alumina and zirconia copings were observed. Increasing the surface of veneering ceramics to a porcelain repair system improved the repair material's bond strength.

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